Fishing has been one of the world’s favorite past times ever since the beginning of man. While it may still be used in some areas as a means to sustain life, fishing has become more of a sport in most parts of the world. In the United States, fishing has moved into competitive tournaments in fresh water lakes and rivers as well as both the East and West Coast. Anglers have long since been looking for the perfect plug or squidder that will lead to prizes that topple $1 million for biggest fish, which is why fishing lures and baits are a huge market in the United States. Some people choose to make their own fishing lures, which may be out of balsa wood, plastic molds, or a variety of other materials. Other people may produce their own bait through worm farms, cricket nests, and minnow traps. Once an angler finds his or her bait of choice, the addiction begins and there is sometimes very little that can change their minds. Baits have become a costly part of the fishing hobby and sport where some people have thousands of dollars invested in one particular type of artificial bait or lure.
For both the fresh and saltwater fly fishermen, there is nothing like a neatly tied fly for hooking the preferred game. Flies are used in freshwater streams for fish such as trout and small mouth bass although some people will use them in lakes and can catch just about anything on flies that others can catch on regular bait. Flies used for trout and small mouth fishing come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Mosquito flies are very popular in the western half of the United States while the nymph is a popular pattern in the eastern portion. Both of these flies are used in conjunction with a fly rod, which is a rod that is longer than other freshwater fishing rods and is cast by a back and forth motion created by the fisherman. The reason that people have to use special rods is because of the artificial fly that is used for the bait. The fly is so lightweight that it cannot be cast from a traditional rod and it must be broadcast with the long rod and heavy line of a fly rod. While many people purchase their flies from fly shops, many people enjoy the art of fly tying. Fly tying revolves around finding a common fly that hatches on or around the stream that one fishes. Once the actual living fly is found, the fly tier will attempt to match the patterns on the bug with different colored strings and feathers to make it appear to be the real thing although the pattern is tied around a small hook.
Plugs and Poppers
For those that enjoy fishing for large mouth bass on the many lakes in the United States, he or she will probably use a plug or popper at some point. A bass plug is a fishing lure that is made to look like a minnow. The artificial minnow has a plastic or metal lip in the front that creates movement when pulled through the water. Depending on the angle of the plastic lip, the artificial minnow may dive, zig and zag, or stay atop the water. However, all plugs will have the motion of a swimming fish when retrieved through the water. This gives large mouth bass the impression that the artificial plug is an actual bait fish swimming in the water. Some plugs even utilize small shot in the bodies of the plug to create a noise similar to a baby’s rattle. This type of bass plug is called a rattler and the noise is supposed to attract fish. A popper is another bait very similar to a plug although the motion of retrieve is somewhat different. When the caster is retrieving the popper, he or she may give quick jerks to the lure to make it dive or zig zag through the water. This is to mimic live bait that is injured. When bass see this lure, they will strike thinking that the lure will be an easy meal.