The Basics of Fishing Tackle – Part Two

Sinkers

Sinkers, also known as weights, come in a wide range of sizes. They are used to keep your line in the water. Without a weight, it will float to the water’s surface. Split shot sinkers come in a variety of sizes. The smallest type of sinkers come in a pack of split shots. Sinkers can range from 1/8 inch to larger ones that weigh a pound or more. Split shot are the most popular sinkers used by hobby fishermen and are great for beginners and kids. A large amount of seasoned fishermen prefer split shot sinkers. However, a word of caution. When you purchase split shot sinkers, be sure they are free of lead in order to protect both the environment and wildlife species.

Floaters
Floaters are also known as bobbers. These are used to keep your line off the bottom and allow it to dangle mid-depth, right in front of the fish. When you get a bite or strike, bobbers bob beneath the water’s surface. Smaller bobbers are best. A bobber should have just enough weight to keep your bait from hitting the bottom. The most sensitive type of floats are the pencil type. Bobbers that are circular in shape are less sensitive and it is harder to tell if you have a bit with them. On the other hand, circular bobbers are the easiest to cast.

Slip bobbers are easy to adjust and allow you to fish at different depths. Ease of casting with slip bobbers make them very popular. They come in both circular and pencil styles and are the best type for beginners and children.

Most floats fasten to your line by means of a spring clip and are easily moved up and down your line. This allows you to easily change the depth of your bait.

Tackle Box
Fishermen use a tackle box to organize and store their line, hooks, bobbers, leaders and other small items that help them catch fish. Beginners and children should use a tackle box that opens from the top and has two trays. The price of these types of tackle boxes run from $15 and up. They often come with a small amount of tackle such as bobbers, hooks, sinkers and artificial worms.

Leaders
Fishing leaders are thin pieces of metal that have an eye on one end and a pin catch on the other. Tie the leader to your line by the eye end. Then, open the pin and slip on a hook or lure. It isn’t necessary to use a leader unless you are fishing for game fish. However, they make changing the hook or lure a very simple task. It is imperative to use  a leader if you are fishing for muskie, pike or walleye. The metal leaders prevents these toothy fish from severing your line. The price of leaders begin at approximately $1.49.

Snap Swivels
Many fishermen prefer to attach a small device called a snap swivel to attach leaders, hooks and lures to their fishing line. A swivel has an eye at one end and a pin clip at the other. Thread the fishing line through the eye end and tie it securely with a fishing knot. Open the pin clip and slip the leader, hook or lure onto it before closing. Snap swivels protect your line from becoming tangled as your bait moves with the water current. They also allow you to easily change from live bait to lures without tying your line each time.

How to Choose Fishing Tackle
If you are just taking up the sport of fishing, or if you are purchasing tackle for a child, buy only the basics. If you have problems deciding which tackle you should buy, ask an experienced fisherman or get advice at your local tackle shop.

Remember, you don’t need fancy equipment that costs a lot of money in order to go fishing. However, you do need tackle that is serviceable and of good quality in order to have a positive fishing experience.