The Basics of Fishing Tackle

Have you ever had a fish on your line, fighting it with all you’re worth only to have it get away? If so, possibly you are using the wrong fishing tackle.

There are several ways you can lose a fish if you’re using improper tackle. Your rod may not stand up, the line may break or possibly your reel strips. It’s a very frustrating experience to have your fishing equipment fail when you have a good-sized fish on your line. To avoid this happening in the future, let’s learn about the proper tackle to use.

What is Fishing Tackle?

Fishing tackle is anything that you use to catch put bait, either artificial or live, into the water to catch fish. You don’t need a lot of fishing tackle if you are a beginner, but the basic tackle you do purchase needs to be able to do the job. When starting out, you should keep your tackle to a minimum until you are able to hone your fishing skills. Then, and only then, is it time to buy more advanced tackle.

Rod & Reel
All that you need to start out is a basic rod and reel. Beginners and children need only a prepackaged rod and reel. These can be purchased in a department store for between $20 and $30. The reel in a prepackaged set usually already has the line on it. You only need to thread the line through the ferrules (eyes) of the rod and attach a hook of the proper size in order to begin fishing.

Fish Hooks
Fish hooks come prepackaged in a wide range of styles and sizes. If you plan to use live bait, prepackaged variety packs are best. They include hooks that range in size from number six to number ten. If you plan on fishing for catfish or bullhead, you will need a larger hook.

Many fishermen practice catch and release. They fish for the sport of it. If you intent on letting your catch go, flatten the barbs on the hooks. This presents more of a challenge and inflicts less pain on the fish. It also reduces the chance of your catch dying because its swallowed the hook. A good way to keep this from happening is to use hooks that are a size that’s compatible to the mouth of the fish you’re trying to catch. If hooks are too small, they will be swallowed easily; too large and the fish won’t take the bait.

Fishing Filament
Fishing filament, also known as fishing line, comes in a wide variety of sizes and weights. This is referred to as pound-test. The larger the pound-test, the stronger the fishing line. For instance, six pound-test is not as strong as eight pound-test.

The trick with choosing fishing line is to match the pound-test to your bait, your rod and reel and the species of fish that you are fishing for. Small, lightweight rods that use spinning or spin casting reels should be equipped with line that runs up to six pound-test. If your spinning reel is large, be sure to use a heavier pound-test. Bait casting reels always use line between six and thirty pound-test. Most fishermen use eight to sixteen pound-test.

If your line is too heavy for your rod and reel or bait, you won’t get bites or strikes. The fish will be able to see your line. If you’re just starting out as a fisherman, or if you are putting line on a rod and reel that children will be using, eight pound-test is highly recommended.

Filament Knots
You must attach your hook to the fishing line by tying specific types of knots. This will keep the hook or lure secure. There are dozens of different types of knots that are used by fishermen. However, you will only need to learn to tie a couple of basic knots in order to meet your fishing needs.

The clinch and palomar knots are used for securely attaching both hooks and lures. To make things as simple as possible, use these knots to attach a leader to your line. This allows you to change from hooks to lures and back again without a great deal of trouble. Both clinch and palomar knots are very strong as long as they are properly tied.

If you are going to use minnows as bait, you will need to learn to tie a loop knot. Loop knots are also best to tie diving lures because the loop allows the lure to move about freely.

If you want to learn how to tie basic fishing knots, as a friend or relative who is a fisherman to show you. If you don’t have anyone to ask, go to a fishing supply store. The staff will be more than pleased to show you how to tie these basic knots. Before you know it, you will be tying them like a pro.