The Complete Guide to Freshwater Fishing (The Freshwater Angler)

Fishing is one of the most rewarding and possibly oldest sports the world has ever known. There are many different varieties of fishing such as saltwater fishing, big game fishing, freshwater fishing, and a host of others. However, for many people, freshwater fishing offers the most excitement and is more accessible than saltwater fishing, which is a large reason that more people participate in freshwater fishing. Freshwater fishing does not require a large investment in tackle as other fishing does, which is another reason that many people choose to fish in freshwater bodies instead of saltwater environments.

Freshwater Tools
A few things that one should always keep in their tackle box will prove useful when out on the lake or wading through the river. One of the first things one should purchase is a knife. A knife will help you cut the tag ends on your rigs and leaders as well as skin bait fish if the need should arise. Also, your knife can assist you in the chance that a fish ingests the hook and it become embedded in their bowels. Another tool that is very important and should always be in the tackle box are a set of pliers. Needle nose pliers can be very useful when putting lead on your line or pulling a hook that has become snagged deep inside the fish. Needle nose pliers are the best simply due to the fact that they can get into tight places where regular pliers may not be able to reach.
Freshwater Tackle Basics
For fishing in freshwater rivers, one will need a good spinning rod. A spinning rod is the preferred rod to use because of its versatility. A good reel can be found at your local tackle shop where they will carry brands such as Daiwa, Shimano, and Penn. A rod for freshwater fishing should be approximately six to seven feet long. Anything longer can be obstructive if you find yourself fishing in tight quarters from a river bank or bank of a lake. After you purchase your rod and reel, you will need to spool your reel with fishing line. Most people prefer monofilament, which will also be found at your local tackle shop. Depending on what you will be fishing for, you will probably want to go with anywhere from six to ten pound test line. That should be plenty of poundage for most freshwater fish. After your line has been spooled, you will want to tie on a rig. Some people tend to use swivels where they can attach leaders without having to cut the line and re-tie it. A great rig for almost any kind of fishing is the Carolina rig, which consists of an egg sinker, a bead, and a leader with a circle hook. Thread the egg sinker onto the line, thread a bead after the egg and then tie to a swivel. Tie a leader line to the other loop of the swivel where you will attach a number two or smaller circle hook.
Places to Fish
Freshwater is found in virtually every corner of the world so there should be trouble finding a body of water to fish. Some of the best places are rivers and streams that have deep currents. For fish such as bass and crappie, many people venture to the lake for these fish. If you have a boat, you can easily get to deep holes where you will find plenty of fish to catch. Freshwater fishing is one of the simplest forms of fishing that one can participate in although it will allow for a lifetime of learning.